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成考高起点英语代词误用辨析

2015-05-16 14:08admin织梦58

1.中文:伦敦的夏天比我家乡的夏天更热。

(误)London is much hotter in summer than my hometown.

(正)It is much hotter in London in summer than in my hometown.(用it代表气候,天气等。)

2.中文:他的书跟我的很不一样。

(误)His book is quite different from me.

(正)His book is quite different from mine.(mine = my book,应保持比较的双方性质的一致。)

3.中文:我有件重要的事告诉你。

(误)I have important something to tell you.

(正)I have something important to tell you.(修饰something,nothing,anything等不定代词时,形容词应放在其后。)

4.中文:每个学生都应该做他自己的功课。

(误)Every student should do their own homework.

(正)Every student should do his own homework.(every student是单数,其后的代词也用单数。)

5.中文:我喜欢收到别人的来信,但不愿意写信。

(误)I like to receive letters but do not like to write it.

(正)I like to receive letters but do not like to write them.(代词的人称与数应与它代替的名词相同。)

6.中文:孩子们和他都还没有吃晚餐。

(误)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten their supper.

(正)Neither the children nor he has ever eaten his supper.(neither……nor是对等相关连词,nor后面的主语决定后面的谓语动词及代词的形式。)

7.中文:布朗太太向她的朋友玛丽和我打招呼。

(误)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and I.

(正)Mrs. Brown said hello to her friends, Mary and me.(Mary and me是宾语friends的同位语,因此用宾格形式。)

8.中文:我的两个姊姊都不在这。

(误)None of my two sisters is here.

(正)Neither of my two sisters is here.(neither用于两者的否定;none用于三者以上的否定。)

9.中文:他认识我的两个姊姊。

(误)He knows my both sisters.

(正)He knows both my sisters.(both用在the,his,my等修饰语之前。)

10.中文:这本书的价格是多少?

(误)How much is the price of the book?

(正)What is the price of the book?(对价格提问用what,没有price一词时用how much.)

11.中文:我有一本新字典还有几本旧的。

(误)I have a new dictionary and several old one.

(正)I have a new dictionary and several old ones.(代替前面提到过的可数名词,复数要用ones.)

12.中文:安迪,保罗和我共唱一首歌。

(误)I, Andy and Paul sang a song together.

(正)Andy, Paul and I sang a song together.(有多个主语或宾语时,I或me在最后。)

13.中文:他们很了解我们中国人。

(误)They know our Chinese well.

(正)They know us Chinese well.(Chinese为宾语us的同位语。)

14.中文:说好英语不容易。

(误)That is not easy to speak good English.

(正)It is not easy to speak good English.(it当形式主语,代替不定式。)