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2015年成考高起点英语复习指导:英语不定式

2015-05-16 14:08admin织梦58

1.中文:为了准时,我们加快了步伐。

(误)So as to be in time we hurried.

(正)In order to be in time we hurried.(so as to只可放在句中,in order to可放在句首或句中。)

2.中文:你说这些话真傻。

(误)It’s very foolish for you to say so.

(正)It’s very foolish of you to say so.(表示评价的形容词被带逻辑主语的不定式修饰时,介词要用of.)

3.中文:你没有告诉他们永远不要做那件事吗?

(误)Didn’t you ask them to never do that?

(正)Didn’t you ask them never to do that?(never要放在to之前。)

4.中文:你没有告诉他们永远不要做那件事吗?

(误)Here is a new book for you to read it.

(正)Here is a new book for you to read.(作形容词用法的带逻辑主语的不定式for you to read的宾语,实际上就是它所修饰的new book,其后不可再加宾语。)

5.中文:他够年龄,可以上学了。

(误)He is old enough so that he can go to school.

(正)He is old enough to go to school.(形容词+enough+不定式表示足够…而可。)

6.中文:他太好了,寄给我许多书。

(误)He was so good to send me a lot of books.

(正)He was so good as to send me a lot of books.(so……as to表示如此…以致。)

7.中文:你最好不要在下雨天出去。

(误)You had better not to go out in the rain.

(正)You had better not go out in the rain.(had better(not)后接原形不定式。)

8.中文:你喜欢听别人谈话吗?

(误)Do you like listening to others to talk?

(正)Do you like listening to others talk?(感官动词或使役动词的宾语补语用原形不定式。)